Every job is exposed to certain risks and dangers and job safety analysis is a procedure conducted to identify potential dangers and how they can be controlled. There are always various dangers posed to every step of any job and this is what job safety analysis aims at establishing in order to recommend suitable measures. There are greater problems that may arise due to unidentified hazards in the workplace and therefore identifying them is very important as it helps you think of measures to avoid these problems.
The writing of a job safety analysis involves a series of steps which should be followed to guarantee an effective job hazard analysis. It is important to begin by listing down the different steps involved in the job at any specific location. This is quite beneficial because it brings about additional understanding about the job and what it is all about. Do not make the steps too detailed because this will make the job safety analysis quite burdensome. Secondly, one should identify the different types of hazards that may be associated with every step. In this step think of how every way that things could go wrong.
Possible causes of these dangers would be the materials being used, the environment or the people working. Some other factors may also be considered to identify these potential dangers. They include, instructions from equipment manufacturer’s, legislation requirements and how past injuries occurred. The third steps involves determining the controls for every type of hazard identified. Controls are important because they help to either minimize the risk of injury or to completely deal away with the dangers.
A good job hazard can be developed through the three steps explained. Sharing of the job hazard analysis with the workers is the next step to follow. Review the JSA with your workers and help them understand every detail involved in it. The workers are able to identify what is required of them from this process. In case there are questions, the workers are free to ask at this stage. This step is crucial because if the workers do not have knowledge of the JSA then it is not likely to be effective.
In case there are changes then the supervisor should also make changes to the JSA as well to identify whether there are new dangers and evaluate them with the workers as well.
It is only a competent person who should conduct the analysis for you. This is because a competent analyst has idea and knowledge of hazards that should be identified and their suitable recommendations as well. A good JSA will help you cut on costs that may be incurred due to the various risks poses in each step of the job. An effective JSA will give workers a sense of safety and through this they are able to work freely without fear of certain hazards thus their efficiency is increased.
The steps explained will guarantee that an effective JSA is conducted.